Track the signs of Québec City’s English, Scottish, and Irish heritage!
1760. New France came under British rule with the end of the Siege of Québec and the famous 1759 clash between Montcalm’s French Army and General Wolfe’s English forces, known as the Battle of the Plains of Abraham.
The British Regime had a powerful influence on the architecture, defensive system, and urban fabric of Québec City. Come explore this rich heritage!
Montmorency Falls Park
Site where General Wolfe’s British troops camped in the lead-up to the famous Battle of the Plains of Abraham.
Site of the 1759–1760 clashes between French and British forces and the British victory that changed the fate of North America.
Fortifications of Québec National Historic Site
Royal Artillery Regiment Headquarters until 1871 and strategic site of various defensive works, both French and British.
Saint-Louis Forts and Châteaux National Historic Site
This wooden promenade, built on the former site of Château Saint-Louis, is located at the foot of the renowned Fairmont Le Château Frontenac.
The walls and gates surrounding most of the Old City were built for defence by the French in the 17th and 18th centuries and improved by the British in the 18th and 19th centuries. Québec is the continent’s only remaining fortified city north of Mexico, for which it has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The first Anglican cathedral to be built outside the British Isles was constructed between 1800 and 1804. Designed by British Artillery officers and modelled on the famous church St Martin-in-the-Fields in London.
The oldest congregation of Scottish origin in Canada (est. 1759).
The largest fortress built by the British in North America and the Governor General of Canada’s official residence.
The Port of Québec’s quarantine station from 1832 to 1937—in its day the principal gateway for immigrants arriving in Canada.
The Morrin Centre began its existence as the “common gaol”, or prison, from 1813–1867 before being converted into Québec City’s first English-language institute of higher education on the initiative of Scottish-born local physician Dr. Joseph Morrin. Today it is home to the Literary and Historical Society of Quebec (est. 1824), Canada’s oldest learned society.
This 1997 gift from the Irish to the people of Québec City commemorates the generosity shown to the Irish immigrants who flooded into the city in the 1840s.
McMahon and Saint-Stanislas.
This monument commemorates British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and American president Franklin D. Roosevelt’s 1943 and 1944 visits to the city for two pivotal Second World War conferences at the Citadel and the Château Frontenac.
Saint-Louis and Côte de la Citadelle.
This pedestrian walkway commemorates the Scots’ historical contribution to Québec City’s development.
Saint-Stanislas and Cook.
James Wolfe, leader of the British troops, was killed at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham on September 13, 1759. A monument was later erected on the spot where he died.
Wolfe-Montcalm and Avenue Georges VI.
Explore the signs of Québec City’s French heritage.
Learn more about the history and heritage of Québec City by taking a tour of the city next time you’re in town.